A BRIEF HISTORY OF COY, YOUNGO AND IYCM
The International Youth Climate Movement (IYCM) is the largest international network on youth involved on climate change issues. Young individuals, national organizations or national and/or transnational organizations networks lead all year long projects of awareness and mobilization in order to inspire and federate more young people on climate stakes. Besides, they organize advocacy activities on various issues such as young people participation, climate change education or widely on subjects linked to climate change adaptation and/or mitigation. In France, the IYCM includes CliMates, Guides and Scouts of France (via its international structures), and REFEDD.
Within the climate conferences (COP) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), young people participate since the beginning of the process. For them, it aims at going further into their understanding of the climate negotiation process and also at reinforcing their capacity for action on the field. It is the reason why every year, before the COPs, they organize the traditional conferences of youth (COY).
In 2009, young people obtain a special status. The secretary of the UNFCCC and the whole States Parties to the Convention recognize youth as a real group, following the examples of research workers, NGOs, women, indigenous people, unions, local authorities, farmers and companies. This status allows them not only to strengthen their presence within the negotiations but also to take part in it, in the same way as other stakeholders in order to make the voice of young people better heard inside the UNFCCC.
Since then, within the UNFCCC, young people from the IYCM group together within YOUNGO, which is officially the Constituency of youth NGOs, accredited as observers to the UNFCCC. YOUNGO is a dynamic network of more than 2.000 young people from the entire world. In France, CliMates, Guides and Scouts of France (via their international structures), and REFEDD are part of YOUNGO.
During the climate negotiations, youth, in the framework of YOUNGO, organizes various activities in order to
- remember to the representatives of governments their moral duty in these negotiations,
- push to promote debates on several issues such as climate change education,
- ensure the link between the young people who cannot participate to the COPs (being part of the IYCM or not) and keep them updated on the evolution of the negotiations.
For more information on YOUNGO’s activities and the International Youth Climate movement:
Activity report of YOUNGO and IYCM about the annual conferences on climate change: